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419 Fraud

An email scam in which the solicitor offers large sums of money in return for a smaller upfront investment.

Acceptable Use Policy

(AUP) A school or organization's official policy statement regarding the use of the Internet or other computer networks.


The quality or state of being anonymous (not named or identified, of unknown authorship).

Anonymous Online Name

A name that is not identifiable, lacking individuality, distinction or recognizability.


A computer or software program, activated by a user that can perform a specific function or functions.

Authentic Problem

A genuine, real or original problem to be solved.


A diary or personal journal kept on a website, usually updated frequently, that might be private or might be intended for public viewing.


A marker that allows a user to navigate to a website on the Internet to allow for rapid access.


See Web Browser.


(Compact Disk Read-Only Memory) A portable storage device for computer files.

Clip Art

Graphics that can be cut and pasted electronically into documents. Clip art can be photographs, maps, diagrams, illustrations or cartoons.

Concept Mapping

A technique for visualizing the relationships among different concepts which can be used as a tool in defining a research topic.

Copyright Law

Law that provides protection to the authors of "original works of authorship," including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic and certain other intellectual works.

Creative Commons

Creative Commons licenses are designed to facilitate and encourage more versatility and flexibility in copyright law.


Involves the use of information and communication technologies to support deliberate, repeated and hostile behavior by an individual or group that is intended to harm others.


A collection or listing of information, usually organized with searchable elements or fields. For example, a library catalog can be searched by author, title or subject.


The background area on a computer screen which usually contains an icon for the hard drive and trash can (used to remove files). Folders, files, applications and a working document may also appear on the desktop window.

Digital Stories

A variety of new forms of digital narratives (web-based stories, interactive stories, hypertexts and narrative computer games).

Digital Tools

Electronic technology that generates, stores and processes data.


Any self-contained piece of work created using an application program.

Document Camera

A camera mounted on a stand, able to capture text or 3-dimensional objects. The image is typically displayed through an LCD projector.


(Digital Video Disk) A digital storage medium, the same physical size as a CD-ROM disk, that can store massive amounts of data including graphics and full motion video.

Electronic Portfolio

A collection of electronic evidence assembled and managed by a user. Also known as an e-portfolio or a digital portfolio.


(Electronic Mail)The electronic transmission of letters, messages and memos from one computer to another over a network.


The recognition and understanding of the states of mind, beliefs, desires, and particularly, emotions of others. It is often characterized as the ability to experience the outlook or emotions of another.

Enter Key

A key located at the right end of the third row from the bottom on a QWERTY keyboard. Pressing the enter key performs a typed or highlighted command. In a word processing program, the enter key starts a new paragraph.


In the context of instructional technology, equity is often used to refer to the equal availability of technology to all students regardless of socioeconomic status, culture, locale, gender, age or race.


A taxonomy generated by Internet users that identifies and classifies web pages, images, links, etc.


The layout, presentation or arrangement of data on a screen or paper. May also refer to filename or type of file.

Gantt Chart

A type of bar chart used in process or project planning and control to display planned work targets for completion of work in relation to time.

Gis Software

(Graphical Information Systems)An information system for capturing, storing, analyzing, managing and presenting geographic data which is linked to location.


(Global Positioning System) A system of satellites that allows one's position to be calculated with great accuracy by the use of an electronic receiver.

Graphic Organizer

An application that allows users to combine both icons (graphics) and text to give structure and logic to a project or presentation. Also known as storyboard software.

Hard Drive

The primary storage device for a computer. Also called hard disk. It is where applications and files are stored.


Physical equipment, components or devices.

Help Wizard

An application that provides assistance for users who need help by topic.


Content on a website which can be "clicked on" with a mouse, which in turn will take a person to another web page or a different area of the same web page.


The primary way to navigate between web pages and among websites. Hypertext on web pages has been expanded to include hyperlinks from text, a picture or a graphic and from image maps.

Identity Theft

Term for the criminal act of stealing personal information with the intent to use it to create similar identities without the victim's knowledge.


A program used to update or install software programs.

Interactive Whiteboard

A large touch sensitive display that connects to a computer and projector.


A global communications network that is a collaborative effort among educational institutions, government agencies, various commercial and nonprofit organizations and individual users.


The main input device for computers. Keyboards are modeled on typewriter keys but have additional keys that enhance their function.

Kwl Chart

An instructional technique. Students list K = What I Know, W = What I want to know and L = What I learned. In early grades, activity is conducted as a group.

Lcd Projector

See Projector.


See Hyperlink.


Digital products that integrate interactive text, images, sound and color. Multimedia can be anything from a simple PowerPoint slide show to a complex interactive simulation.


A collection of computers that are linked together for the purpose of sharing information.


A common term used to refer to being connected to the Internet.

Online Community

A meeting place on the Internet for people who share common interests. Online communities can be open to anyone or limited to members only. Some online communities have a moderator.


A series of characters that enables a user to gain access to a file, computer or program.


A command that transfers text or graphics from the clipboard to the document at the location of the cursor.


The practice of convincing someone to divulge confidential information they normally would not provide to a stranger. The purpose of phishing is to gather the information needed to steal a victim?s money or identity.


Using another person's ideas or creative work without giving credit to that person.


A media file that is distributed over the Internet using syndication feeds, for playback on portable media players and personal computers.


A secondary web browser window of varying size, often containing a form of advertising, which opens outside of the primary web browser window.


See Electronic Portfolio.


A set of instructions describing operations for a computer to perform to accomplish a task. See Application.


One of several devices that can be connected to a computer to display information to an audience. The most common devices are video projection units and video converters for television monitors.

Public Domain

Information that has been made available to the general public and is distributed and redistributed without copyright or patent.


Careful study, investigation and experimentation aimed at discovering or interpreting facts to create new knowledge or understandings on the part of the researcher.

Response System

A system that allows users to respond to questions posed by the presenter using interactive hand-held devices that resemble a television remote control.


(Really Simple Syndication)A format for delivering regularly changing web content. Many news-related sites, weblogs and other online publishers syndicate their content as an RSS feed.

Search Engine

A program that searches documents for specified keywords and returns a list of the documents where the keywords were found.

Section 508

The section of the 1998 Rehabilitation Act that states that all electronic and information technology procured, used or developed by the federal government after June 25, 2001, must be accessible to people with disabilities.

Shortcut Keys

The keys or key combinations that provide quick access to frequently performed commands or operations.

Social Bookmarking

Web-based applications that allow users to store, classify, share and search links through the practice of folksonomy on the Internet or intranet.

Social Networking

A category of Internet applications to help connect friends, business partners or other individuals together.


The instructions that tell a computer what to do. See Application.


Unsolicited, unwanted junk email.


Application program that manipulates numerical and string data in rows and columns of cells.


A notebook or slate-shaped mobile computer, equipped with touch-screen technology which allows the user to operate the computer with a stylus or digital pen, instead of a keyboard or mouse. Also known as a Pen computer.


A relevant keyword or term associated with, or assigned to, a piece of information — picture, article or video clip, etc. — which describes the content and makes keyword-based classification possible.


The visual presentation of information.


The ability for two or more participants to meet from different locations by using computer networks to transmit audio and video data. Usually requires user to have a camera, microphone and speakers on their computer.


In the context of computing, not concrete or physical. For instance, a completely virtual university does not have actual buildings but instead holds classes over the Internet.

Virtual Classroom

The online learning space where students and instructors interact.


(World Wide Web -www)A global hypertext network that is part of the Internet. It is normally viewed through a web browser.

Web Browser

An application used to view World Wide Web pages. Firefox and Internet Explorer are examples of web browsers.

Web Page

One page of a document on the World Wide Web. Each web page has its own address called a Uniform Resource Locator (URL).


An online seminar or meeting conducted over the World Wide Web.


A location on the World Wide Web. A website usually contains multiple pages.


A website that allows users to add, remove and edit and change content, typically without the need for registration. It also allows for linking among any number of pages.

Word Processing

An application that allows a user to create, edit and format text.