Connections to Other Disciplines
 
Science: EALR 2 Inquiry, Content Standard 6-8 INQA

Scientific inquiry involves asking and answering questions and comparing the answer with what scientists already know about the world.


Science: EALR 2 Inquiry, Content Standard 6-8 INQB

Different kinds of questions suggest different kinds of scientific investigations.


Science: EALR 2 Inquiry, Content Standard 6-8 INQC

Collecting, analyzing, and displaying data are essential aspects of all investigations.


Science: EALR 2 Inquiry, Content Standard 6-8 INQD

For an experiment to be valid, all (controlled) variables must be kept the same whenever possible, except for the manipulated (independent) variable being tested and the responding (dependent) variable being measured and recorded. If a variable cannot be controlled, it must be reported and accounted for.


Science: EALR 2 Inquiry, Content Standard 6-8 INQE

Models are used to represent objects, events, systems, and processes. Models can be used to test hypotheses and better understand phenomena, but they have limitations.


Science: EALR 2 Inquiry, Content Standard 6-8 INQF

It is important to distinguish between the results of a particular investigation and general conclusions drawn from these results.


Science: EALR 2 Inquiry, Content Standard 6-8 INQG

Scientific reports should enable another investigator to repeat the study to check the results.


Science: EALR 2 Inquiry, Content Standard 6-8 INQH

Science advances through openness to new ideas, honesty, and legitimate skepticism. Asking thoughtful questions, querying other scientists' explanations, and evaluating one's own thinking in response to the ideas of others are abilities of scientific inquiry.


Science: EALR 2 Inquiry, Content Standard 6-8 INQI

Scientists and engineers have ethical codes governing animal experiments, research in natural ecosystems, and studies that involve human subjects.


Science: EALR 4 Physical Science, Content Standard 6-8 PS3A

Energy exists in many forms which include: heat, light, chemical, electrical, motion of objects, and sound. Energy can be transformed from one form to another and transferred from one place to another.


Science: EALR 4 Physical Science, Content Standard 6-8 PS3B

Heat (thermal energy) flows from warmer to cooler objects until both reach the same temperature. Conduction, radiation, and convection, or mechanical mixing, are means of energy transfer.


Science: EALR 4 Physical Science, Content Standard 6-8 PS3C

Heat (thermal energy) consists of random motion and the vibrations of atoms and molecules. The higher the temperature, the greater the atomic or molecular motion. Thermal insulators are materials that resist the flow of heat.


Science: EALR 4 Physical Science, Content Standard 6-8 PS3E

Energy from a variety of sources can be transformed into electrical energy, and then to almost any other form of energy. Electricity can also be distributed quickly to distant locations.


Science: EALR 4 Earth and Space Science, Content Standard 6-8 ES2B

The Sun is the major source of energy for phenomena on Earth's surface, such as winds, ocean currents, and the water cycle.


Science: EALR 4 Earth and Space Science, Content Standard 6-8 ES2C

In the water cycle, water evaporates from Earth's surface, rises and cools, condenses to form clouds and falls as rain or snow and collects in bodies of water.


Science: EALR 4 Earth and Space Science, Content Standard 6-8 ES2F

The crust is composed of huge crustal plates on the scale of continents and oceans which move centimeters per year, pushed by convection in the upper mantle, causing earthquakes, volcanoes, and mountains.


Science: EALR 4 Earth and Space Science, Content Standard 6-8 ES2G

Landforms are created by processes that build up structures and processes that break down and carry away material through erosion and weathering.


Science: EALR 4 Life Science, Content Standard 6-8 LS1F

Lifestyle choices and living environments can damage structures at any level of organization of the human body and can significantly harm the whole organism.


Science: EALR 4 Life Science, Content Standard 6-8 LS2A

An ecosystem consists of all the populations living within a specific area and the nonliving factors they interact with. One geographical area may contain many ecosystems.


Science: EALR 4 Life Science, Content Standard 6-8 LS2B

Energy flows through an ecosystem from producers (plants) to consumers to decomposers. These relationships can be shown for specific populations in a food web.


Science: EALR 4 Life Science, Content Standard 6-8 LS2C

The major source of energy for ecosystems on Earth's surface is sunlight. Producers transform the energy of sunlight into the chemical energy of food through photosynthesis. This food energy is used by plants, and all other organisms to carry on life processes. Nearly all organisms on the surface of Earth depend on this energy source.


Science: EALR 4 Life Science, Content Standard 6-8 LS2D

Ecosystems are continuously changing. Causes of these changes include nonliving factors such as the amount of light, range of temperatures, and availability of water, as well as living factors such as the disappearance of different species through disease, predation, habitat destruction and overuse of resources or the introduction of new species.


Science: EALR 4 Life Science, Content Standard 6-8 LS2E

Investigations of environmental issues should uncover factors causing the problem and relevant scientific concepts and findings that may inform an analysis of different ways to address the issue.


Science: EALR 4 Life Science, Content Standard 6-8 LS3E

Adaptations are physical or behavioral changes that are inherited and enhance the ability of an organism to survive and reproduce in a particular environment.


Science: EALR 4 Life Science, Content Standard 6-8 LS3F

Extinction occurs when the environment changes and the adaptive characteristics of a species, including its behaviors, are insufficient to allow its survival.


Social Studies GLE 3.1.2 (Grade 7)

3.1.2 Understands how human spatial patterns have emerged from natural processes and human activities in the past or present.


Social Studies GLE 3.2.1 (Grade 6)

3.2.1 Understands and analyzes how the environment has affected people and how people have affected the environment in the past or present.


Social Studies GLE 3.2.1 (Grade 7)

3.2.1 Understands and analyzes how the environment has affected people and how people have affected the environment in Washington State in the past or present.


Social Studies GLE 3.2.1 (Grade 8)

3.2.1 Analyzes how the environment has affected people and how people have affected the environment in the United States in the past or present.


Social Studies GLE 5.2.1 (Grade 7)

5.2.1 Creates and uses research questions to guide inquiry on an issue or event.


Social Studies GLE 5.2.1 (Grade 8)

5.2.1 Creates and uses research questions that are tied to an essential question to focus inquiry on an issue.


 
 
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