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Social Studies
  Grade Level:   8  
  EALR:   4. HISTORY The student understands and applies knowledge of historical thinking, chronology, eras, turning points, major ideas, individuals, and themes in local, Washington State, tribal, United States, and world history in order to evaluate how history shapes the present and future.  
  Component:   4.1 Understands historical chronology.  
  Grade Level Expectation:   4.1.2 Understands how the following themes and developments help to define eras in U.S. history from 1776 to 1900:
  • Fighting for independence and framing the Constitution (1776—1900).
  • Slavery, expansion, removal, and reform (1801—1850).
  • Civil War and Reconstruction (1850—1877).
  • Development and struggles in the West, industrialization, immigration, and urbanization (1870—1900).
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    -Explains how the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812 help to define early U.S. history as a time of struggle for independence.
    -Explains how the Monroe Doctrine helps to define U.S. history from 1801 to 1850 as a period of expansion.
    -Explains how Reconstruction and the emergence of Jim Crow laws help to define U.S. history following the Civil War.
    -Explains how the rise of prominent American Indian leaders in resistance movements against U.S. encroachment helps to define U.S. history at the end of the 19th century.